Types Of Lubricants and Their Uses | Feature and Benifits | Petromart

In the industry, lubricating machinery is frequently a task assigned to new hires because it is believed to be a task for apprentices or less experienced workers. Even though applying lubrication is a reasonably simple process, having a solid grasp of the various types of lubricants is essential. Doing this will be impossible to ever use the incorrect type for the wrong application. This will unavoidably stop machine failure and downtime.

Types Of Lubricants and Their Uses

Let’s begin with the fundamentals. Oil, grease, penetrating lubricants, and dry lubricants are the four different categories of lubricants. There are two Types Of Lubricants you’ll encounter most frequently daily are oil and grease, but your facility will still use dry and penetrating lubricants. Knowing when to do something is crucial.

Understanding when to use these various lubricants is crucial. 


One of the most prevalent lubricants in plants is oil. There are various “weights” or viscosities available for this thin liquid; the lower the weight number, the thinner the oil. Sometimes, additives can be add to the oil to stop corrosion and oxidation.

Uses of Oil:

  • On how to maintain tools, sharpen blades, and hinges
  • You desire to lubricate something without experiencing the typical resistance associated with using grease.
  • To lubricate something without disassembling everything, you wick oil into a small area.


The ingredients for making grease are oil, a thickener (typically a lithium-based soap), and occasionally additional lubricants like PTFE (Teflon). Its manufacturing process gives it the same lubricating qualities as oil. However, because of its texture and stickiness, it adheres to surfaces more effectively. The thinnest and thickest greases are similar in consistency to ketchup and a block of cheddar cheese, respectively.

When to Use Grease:

  • about gears, bearings, chains, and links
  • The lubricant must adhere to the surface for an extended period.
  • You desire to keep dust or water droplets out.
  • Because you don’t use the machine very often, you might forget to oil it.

Penetrating Lubricant

When you have rusted jack bolts or parts with years of rust or debris on them, you should grab penetrating lubricant. Penetrating lubricant is only used for penetrating minute cracks, adding lubrication, and dissolving rust; it is not a long-lasting lubricant.

Penetrating lubricant Uses:

  • Removing seized nuts or bolts. This will liberate them, regardless of whether they are covered in debris or years of rust.
  • Gum removal (it happens), tasks involving adhesive stickers, and warehouse maintenance.

Dry Lubricant:

When you can’t use oil or grease because it will attract dust and dirt, dry lubricant is a great substitute. Dry lubricant typically comes in the form of a spray that will eventually evaporate, leaving behind a thin film of lubricant to reduce friction.

When to Use Dry Lubricant:

  • At hinges, locks, and threaded rods
  • tiny components that cannot be greased up or surrounding surfaces that must be kept clean


Petromart is a top supplier of lubricants, fuels, and petrochemicals. Our reputation for reliability and goodwill enables us to grow our clientele and succeed in business. We have been involved in several petroleum industry product lines. We began Reliance’s petrochemical marketing in 1998. As a C&F-authorised dealership, we expanded lubricants sales and marketing for HPCL in 2000. We have consistently ranked among the top two sales dealerships. We have effectively increased sales of lubricants like hydraulic oil, gear oil, grease, and thermo oil by 10%+ YoY, making us one of the top two biggest sales dealerships in the North India Zone.